Again, I'm interested in these groups and perceptions of Islam before the watershed era of the mid 1920s. I reject the prevailing post-colonial leftist narratives about these orientalist phenomena. I think there is something much more interesting going on than simply "imperialism". I don't find the theoretical perspectives that dominate academic studies of cross-cultural and inter-religious encounters at all useful.
This picture is a classic. There's much more I want to say about it.